Other Names for this Disease
- Branchiootorenal dysplasia
- Melnick-Fraser syndrome
- Branchio oto renal syndrome
- BOR syndrome
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genes. It is passed through families in an autosomal dominant fashion. Treatment may include surgery to remove the anomalies of the neck (i.e., branchial fistulae or cysts), careful assessment and management of hearing loss, and follow-up by a kidney specialist (nephrologist). In some cases dialysis or kidney transplant may be required.Branchiootorenal syndrome is characterized by birth defects or anomalies of tissues in the neck, malformations of the external ear, hearing loss, and kidney malformations. Symptom and symptom severity can vary greatly from person to person. It can be caused by mutations in the EYA1, SIX1, or SIX5
Last updated: 2/28/2011
- Husein M, Smith JH. Genetic Sensorineural Hearing Loss. In: Cummings et al., eds. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery, 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby, Inc; 2005;
- Smith RJH, Van Camp G. Deafness and Hereditary Hearing Loss Overview. GeneReviews. 2008; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bookshelf/br.fcgi?book=gene&part=deafness-overview. Accessed 1/8/2010.
- Swiatecka-Urban A. Multicystic Renal Dysplasia. eMedicine. 2009; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/982560-overview. Accessed 1/8/2010.
- Niaudet P. Branchiootorenal (BOR) syndrome. Orphanet. 2007; Accessed 1/8/2010.
- Branchiootorenal syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. 2008; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=branchiootorenalsyndrome. Accessed 1/8/2010.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Branchiootorenal syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Branchiootorenal syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.