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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Ovarian small cell carcinoma


Other Names for this Disease
  • Small cell carcinoma of the ovary
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Overview

Ovarian small cell carcinoma is a rare form of ovarian cancer that typically occurs in young women. It is typically an aggressive cancer that can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. There are two types of ovarian small cell carcinoma: hypercalcemic and pulmonary.[1] Approximately 2/3 of individuals with ovarian small cell carcinoma have the hypercalcemic type.[2] Symptoms are fairly nonspecific and are similar to other types of ovarian cancer.[3] Symptoms may include: bloating, pelvic or abdominal pain, and appetite changes.[4] Treatment may involve surgery to remove the tumor/tumors if the cancer is detected at an early stage, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.[1]
Last updated: 6/28/2016

References

  1. K. Münstedt, R. Estel, T. Dreyer, A. Kurata, A. Benz. Small Cell Ovarian Carcinomas – Characterisation of Two Rare Tumor Entities. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. July 2013; 73(7):698-704. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3858994/.
  2. Lisa F Gamwell, Karen Gambaro, Maria Merziotis, Colleen Crane, Suzanna L Arcand, Valerie Bourada, Christopher Davis, Jeremy A Squire, David G Huntsman, Patricia N Tonin, Barbara C Vanderhyden. Small cell ovarian carcinoma: genomic stability and responsiveness to therapeutics. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2013; 8(33):http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3635907/.
  3. About Ovarian Cancer. Minnesota Ovarian Cancer Alliance. http://mnovarian.org/about-ovarian-cancer/. Accessed 6/28/2016.
  4. Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer. American Cancer Society. 02/04/2016; http://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovariancancer/detailedguide/ovarian-cancer-signs-and-symptoms.
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Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Ovarian small cell carcinoma. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Small cell carcinoma of the ovary
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.