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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Cholesteatoma


Other Names for this Disease
  • Primary acquired cholesteatoma (type)
  • Secondary acquired cholesteatoma (type)
  • Congenital cholesteatoma (type)
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Cholesteatoma is a type of skin cyst located in the middle ear. It can be congenital (present from birth), but it more commonly occurs as a complication of chronic ear infection.[1] The hallmark symptom is a painless discharge from the ear.[2] Hearing loss, dizziness, and facial muscle paralysis are rare but can result from continued cholesteatoma growth.[3] Surgery can stop infections and prevent complications.[4]  
Last updated: 12/30/2009

References

  1. Lipkin A. Cholesteatoma. MedlinePlus. 2008; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001050.htm. Accessed 12/30/2009.
  2. Roland PS. Cholesteatoma. eMedicine. 2008; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/993966-overview. Accessed 12/30/2009.
  3. Cholesteatoma. Vestibular Disorders Association Website. 2009; http://www.vestibular.org/vestibular-disorders/specific-disorders/cholesteatoma.php. Accessed 12/30/2009.
  4. Cholesteatoma. The Merck Manual of Geriatrics. 2006; http://www.merck.com/mkgr/mmg/sec15/ch129/ch129h.jsp. Accessed 12/30/2009.
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Basic Information

  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers. 

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Cholesteatoma. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Primary acquired cholesteatoma (type)
  • Secondary acquired cholesteatoma (type)
  • Congenital cholesteatoma (type)
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.