Other Names for this Disease
- Encephalopathy, hepatic
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neuropsychiatric abnormalities in patients with liver dysfunction, when other known brain disease has been excluded. Signs and symptoms may be debilitating, and they can begin mildly and gradually, or occur suddenly and severely. They may include personality or mood changes, intellectual impairment, abnormal movements, a depressed level of consciousness, and other symptoms. There are several theories regarding the exact cause, but development of the condition is probably at least partially due to the effect of substances that are toxic to nerve tissue (neurotoxic), which are typically present with liver damage and/or liver disease. Treatment depends upon the severity of mental status changes and upon the certainty of the diagnosis.Hepatic encephalopathy is a syndrome observed in some patients with cirrhosis. It is defined as a spectrum of
Last updated: 6/22/2016
- David C Wolf. Hepatic Encephalopathy. Medscape Reference. December 8, 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/186101-overview.
- Subodh K. Lal. Loss of brain function - liver disease. MedlinePlus. August 14, 2015; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000302.htm.
- The Department of Veterans Affairs posts information discussed during a talk on hepatic encephalopathy given at the 2004 Advanced Liver Disease Training Program held in Manhattan, New York, from April 12 to 14, and sponsored by the VA Hepatitis C Resource Center Program and Hepatitis C Program Office. To view the presentation, click on the link.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers.
- The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the enormous health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Hepatic encephalopathy. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.