- Rathke's pouch tumor
- Craniopharyngeal duct tumor
- Adamantinomatous tumor
- Dysodontogenic epithelial tumor
A craniopharyngioma is a slow-growing benign tumor that develops near the pituitary gland (a small endocrine gland at the base of the brain) and the hypothalamus (a small cone-shaped organ connected to the pituitary gland by nerves). This tumor most commonly affects children between 5 and 10 years of age; however, adults can sometimes be affected. Craniopharyngiomas are thought to arise from remnants of the craniopharyngeal duct and/or Rathke cleft or from metaplasia (abnormal transformation of cells) of squamous epithelial cell remnants of the stomadeum.[orphanet] Craniopharyngioma is treated with surgery alone or by surgery followed by radiation.
- Blackman S. Craniopharyngioma. MedlinePlus. 2004; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000345.htm. Accessed 4/3/2009.
- General Information About Childhood Craniopharyngioma. National Cancer Institute (NCI). 2009; http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/child-cranio/Patient. Accessed 4/3/2009.
- Garnett MR, Puget S, Grill J, Sainte-Rose C. Craniopharyngioma. Orphanet. 2007; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/Disease_Search.php?lng=EN&data_id=10756&Disease_Disease_Search_diseaseGroup=craniopharyngioma&Disease_Disease_Search_diseaseType=Pat&Disease(s)%20concerned=Craniopharyngioma&title=Craniopharyngioma&search=Disease_Search_Simple. Accessed 4/3/2009.
- Bobustuc GC, Groves MD, Fuller GN, DeMonte FN. Craniopharyngioma: Treatment & Medication. eMedicine. 2006; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1157758-treatment. Accessed 4/3/2009.
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- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Craniopharyngioma. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.