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neural tube defect in which both the brain and spinal cord remain open; both anencephaly and spina bifida (from the cervical region to the lumbar or sacral region of the spine) are present. Fetuses with craniorachischisis often miscarry during pregnancy or die shortly after birth. The cause is thought to be multifactorial, which means that a combination of genetic and non-genetic factors play a role.Craniorachischisis is the most severe type of
Last updated: 11/5/2013
- Craniorachischisis. Orphanet. January, 2010; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?Lng=EN&Expert=63260. Accessed 11/4/2013.
- Johnson KM, Suarez L, Felkner MM, Hendricks K. Prevalence of craniorachischisis in a Texas-Mexico border population. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. February, 2004; 70(2):92-94. Accessed 11/5/2013.
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- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Craniorachischisis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.