Other Names for this Disease
- Spasmodic torticollis
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focal dystonia characterized by excessive pulling of the muscles of the neck and shoulder resulting in abnormal movements of the head. Most commonly, the head turns to one side or the other. Tilting sideways, or to the back or front may also occur. The turning or tilting movements may be accompanied by tremor and/or soreness of the muscles of the neck and shoulders. Cervical dystonia can occur at any age, although most individuals first experience symptoms in middle age. It often begins slowly and usually reaches a plateau over a few months or years. Treatment may include local intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin, analgesics, benzodiazepines (anti-anxiety medications), anticholinergics, physical therapy, or surgery.Cervical dystonia is a
Last updated: 11/9/2011
- Dystonias Fact Sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). October 27, 2011; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dystonias/detail_dystonias.htm. Accessed 11/9/2011.
- Cervical Dystonia . Dystonia Coalition. http://rarediseasesnetwork.epi.usf.edu/Dystonia/patients/learnmore/cervical/index.htm. Accessed 11/9/2011.
- Reynolds NC, Ma J. Torticollis Treatment & Management. eMedicine. October 20, 2011; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1152543-treatment#showall. Accessed 11/9/2011.
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