Other Names for this Disease
- Spasmodic torticollis
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focal dystonia characterized by excessive pulling of the muscles of the neck and shoulder resulting in abnormal movements of the head. Most commonly, the head turns to one side or the other. Tilting sideways, or to the back or front may also occur. The turning or tilting movements may be accompanied by tremor and/or soreness of the muscles of the neck and shoulders. Cervical dystonia can occur at any age, although most individuals first experience symptoms in middle age. It often begins slowly and usually reaches a plateau over a few months or years. Treatment may include local intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin, analgesics, benzodiazepines (anti-anxiety medications), anticholinergics, physical therapy, or surgery.Cervical dystonia is a
Last updated: 11/9/2011
- Dystonias Fact Sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). October 27, 2011; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dystonias/detail_dystonias.htm. Accessed 11/9/2011.
- Cervical Dystonia . Dystonia Coalition. http://rarediseasesnetwork.epi.usf.edu/Dystonia/patients/learnmore/cervical/index.htm. Accessed 11/9/2011.
- Reynolds NC, Ma J. Torticollis Treatment & Management. eMedicine. October 20, 2011; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1152543-treatment#showall. Accessed 11/9/2011.
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- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
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- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Cervical dystonia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.