Blepharophimosis intellectual disability syndromes
Other Names for this Disease
- Blepharophimosis mental retardation syndromes
- Ohdo syndrome
- Blepharophimosis syndrome Ohdo type
- Ohdo Blepharophimosis syndrome
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 Since that time many other case reports describing people with similar (yet variable) features have been reported. The syndromes usually occur sporadically. In most cases the underlying cause can not be determined.Blepharophimosis intellectual disability syndromes refers to a group of syndromes, including Ohdo syndrome and Say Barber Biesecker Young-Simpson syndrome, that are characterized by narrow eye openings (blepharophimosis), drooping of the upper eye lids (ptosis) and intellectual disability. Dr. Ohdo published an article in 1986 describing the first three cases of this syndrome (in a brother, sister, and cousin).
Last updated: 12/5/2011
- Verloes A, Bremond-Gignac D, Isidor B, David A, Baumann C, Leroy MA, Stevens R, Gillerot Y, Héron D, Héron B, Benzacken B, Lacombe D, Brunner H, Bitoun P. Blepharophimosis-mental retardation (BMR) syndromes: A proposed clinical classification of the so-called Ohdo syndrome, and delineation of two new BMR syndromes, one X-linked and one autosomal recessive. Am J Med Genet A . 2006 Jun 15; 140(12):1285-96; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16700052. Accessed 12/2/2011.
- White SM, Adès LC, Amor D, Liebelt J, Bankier A, Baker E, Wilson M, Savarirayan R. Two further cases of Ohdo syndrome delineate the phenotypic variability of the condition. Clin Dysmorphol. 2003 Apr;12(2):109-13; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12868473. Accessed 12/2/2011.
- Contact a Family offers information on blepharophimosis intellectual disability syndrome (Ohdo syndrome) on their Web site. Click on Contact a Family to view the information page.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Blepharophimosis intellectual disability syndromes. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
OMIM: Ohdo syndrome
OMIM: Say-Barber-Biesecker-Young-Simpson syndrome
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Blepharophimosis intellectual disability syndromes. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.