Hypomyelination with atrophy of basal ganglia and cerebellum
Other Names for this Disease
- Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 6
- Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, with atrophy of the basal ganglia and cerebellum
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 These symptoms occur because certain brain cells in individuals with H-ABC are not fully covered by myelin (hypomyelination), a substance that usually surrounds nerve cells to help them work better. Also, this condition causes the breakdown (atrophy) of two parts of the brain that help to coordinate movement - the basal ganglia and cerebellum. H-ABC is is caused by a mutation in the TUBB4A gene.Hypomyelination with atrophy of basal ganglia and cerebellum (H-ABC) is a disease that affects certain parts of the brain. Symptoms usually begin in infancy or early childhood and vary in severity; they include movement difficulties and delay in mental development or learning problems.
Last updated: 11/13/2014
- Schiffmann R, van der Knaap MS. The latest on leukodystrophies. Current opinion in neurology. 2004; 17:187-192. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15021247. Accessed 3/27/2012.
- Leukodystrophy, Hypomyelinating, 6; HLD6. OMIM. 2014; http://omim.org/entry/612438. Accessed 11/13/2014.
- Wakusawa K, Haginoya K, Kitamura T, Togashi N, Ishitobi M, Yokoyama H, Higano S, Onuma A, Nara T, Iinuma K. Effective treatment with levodopa and carbidopa for hypomyelination with atrophy of the basal ganglia and cerebellum. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine. 2006; 209:163-167. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16707859. Accessed 3/28/2012.
On this page
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Hypomyelination with atrophy of basal ganglia and cerebellum. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.