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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Cholesteryl ester storage disease


Other Names for this Disease
  • CESD
  • Cholesterol ester hydrolase deficiency
  • Cholesterol ester storage disease
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Overview

Cholesteryl ester storage disease is an inherited condition caused by the accumulation of harmful amounts of fats and cholesterol in cells and tissues throughout the body. The liver is most severely affected with cirrhosis and liver failure occurring in some patients. Individuals with this condition also exhibit the accumulation of fatty deposits on the artery walls (atherosclerosis) which can narrow the arteries and increase the risk for heart attack or stroke. Cholesteryl ester storage disease is caused by mutations in the LIPA gene. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner.[1] Individuals with this condition may benefit from a low cholesterol diet.[2] Enzyme replacement therapy is currently being studied.[3]  
Last updated: 7/14/2015

References

  1. Cholesteryl ester storage disease. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). October 2007; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/cholesteryl-ester-storage-disease. Accessed 7/14/2015.
  2. NINDS Acid Lipase Disease Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). April 16, 2014; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/acid_lipase/acid_lipase.htm. Accessed 7/14/2015.
  3. Kruer MC, Steiner RD. Lysosomal Storage Disease: Wolman Disease and Cholesteryl Ester Storage Disease. Medscape Reference. October 18, 2013; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1182830-overview#a7. Accessed 7/14/2015.
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Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference situs inversus has information on situs inversus. You may need to register to view this medical reference, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Cholesteryl ester storage disease. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • CESD
  • Cholesterol ester hydrolase deficiency
  • Cholesterol ester storage disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.