Your browser does not support javascript:   Search for gard hereSearch for news-and-events here.


Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Congenital cytomegalovirus

See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.


Congenital cytomegalovirus (congenital CMV) is a group of symptoms that may occur when an infant is infected with the cytomegalovirus before birth. Most infants who are infected with the virus never develop symptoms of the condition. However, approximately 10% of babies will experience health problems and/or disabilities such as problems with the lungs, liver and/or spleen at birth; hearing loss; vision loss; intellectual disability; seizures; small head size; and/or lack of coordination. Some babies with the condition may have evidence of infection at birth, while others may not develop symptoms for two or more years. Congenital CMV occurs when a mother is infected with cytomegalovirus during pregnancy and passes the infection to the fetus through the placenta. Treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person.[1][2][3]
Last updated: 11/4/2015


  1. Congenital cytomegalovirus. MedlinePlus. May 2013;
  2. Mark R Schleiss, MD. Pediatric Cytomegalovirus Infection. Medscape Reference. January 2015;
  3. Congenital CMV Infection. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. July 2010;
GARD Video Tutorials
GARD Video Tutorials
Learn how to find information on treatment, research, specialists, and more.
Contact GARD
Contact GARD
Contact a GARD Information Specialist with your questions about this condition.

Basic Information

  • You can obtain information on this topic from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC is recognized as the lead federal agency for developing and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States.
  • Mayo Clinic has an information page on Congenital cytomegalovirus.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Congenital cytomegalovirus. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.