* Not a rare disease
- Alaninuria with microcephaly, dwarfism, enamel hypoplasia and diabetes mellitus
- Alopecia-contractures-dwarfism-intellectual disability syndrome
- Amino aciduria with mental deficiency, dwarfism, muscular dystrophy, osteoporosis and acidosis
- Bangstad syndrome
- Microcephalic primordial dwarfism, Montreal type
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 Dwarfism can and most often does occur in families where both parents are of average height. It can be caused by any one of more than 300 conditions, most of which are genetic. The most common type, accounting for 70% of all cases of short stature, is called achondroplasia. Other genetic conditions, kidney disease and problems with metabolism or hormones can also cause short stature. Dwarfism itself is not a disease; however, there is a greater risk of some health problems. With proper medical care, most people with dwarfism have active lives and a normal life expectancy.Dwarfism is a condition that is characterized by short stature, usually resulting in an adult height of 4'10" or shorter.
Last updated: 5/19/2011
- Dwarfism. Genetics Home Reference. May 15, 2011; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary=dwarfism. Accessed 5/19/2011.
- Frequently Asked Questions. Little People of America. http://www.lpaonline.org/mc/page.do?sitePageId=84634&orgId=lpa#Definition. Accessed 5/19/2011.
- Angela L. Duker. Dwarfism. KidsHealth. March 2011; http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/bones/dwarfism.html. Accessed 5/19/2011.
- Dwarfism. MedlinePlus. March 23, 2011; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/dwarfism.html. Accessed 5/19/2011.