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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia


Other Names for this Disease
  • HIT
  • Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an adverse reaction to the drug heparin resulting in an abnormally low amount of platelets (thrombocytopenia). HIT is usually an immune response which typically occurs 4-10 days after exposure to heparin; it can lead to serious complications and be life-threatening. This condition occurs in up to 5% of those who are exposed to heparin. Characteristic signs of HIT are a drop in platelet count of  greater than 50% and/or the formation of new blood clots during heparin therapy.  The first step of treatment is to discontinue and avoid all heparin products immediately. Often, affected individuals require another medicine to prevent blood clotting (anticoagulants). [1][2]
Last updated: 5/3/2012

References

  1. Greinacher A & Lubenow N. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Orphanet. 2003; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=3325. Accessed 5/3/2012.
  2. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Medscape Reference. 2011; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1357846-overview. Accessed 5/3/2012.
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Basic Information

  • The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has information on this topic. NHLBI is part of the National Institutes of Health and supports research, training, and education for the prevention and treatment of heart, lung, and blood diseases.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • HIT
  • Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.