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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Cat scratch disease


Other Names for this Disease
  • Bartonellosis due to Bartonella henselae infection
  • Cat scratch fever
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Cat scratch disease is an infectious illness caused by the bacteria bartonella (Bartonella henselae). It is believed to be transmitted by cat scratches, bites, or exposure to cat saliva.[1] This self-limiting infectious disease is characterized by a bump or blister at the site of the bite or scratch and swelling and pain in the lymph nodes. Other features may include fatigue, headache, achiness, and fever. Although cat-scratch disease usually subsides without treatment, antibiotic and/or antimicrobial therapy may help speed recovery.[2]
Last updated: 7/20/2016

References

  1. Smith DS. Cat scratch disease. Medlineplus. 9/10/2015; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001614.htm.
  2. Breitschwerdt EB. Bartonellosis. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2012; http://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/bartonellosis/.
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Basic Information

  • You can obtain information on this topic from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC is recognized as the lead federal agency for developing and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers. 
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Cat scratch disease. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Bartonellosis due to Bartonella henselae infection
  • Cat scratch fever
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.