Hypomelanosis of Ito
Other Names for this Disease
- Ito hypomelanosis
- Incontinentia pigmenti achromians
- Incontinentia pigmenti type 1 (formerly)
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.
scoliosis, and strabismus. While the exact cause is not known, hypomelanosis of Ito syndrome is strongly linked to its genetics and many patients have chormosomal abnormalities. The disease may be caused by abnormal nerve termination in the involved areas of the skin.Girls tend to be affected more commonly than boys. Treatment depends on the problems that are presented.Hypomelanosis of Ito, also called incontinentia pigmenti achromians, is a rare birth defect that causes streaked, whirled, or mottled patches of light-colored skin. These skin changes often develop within the first two years of life. Other symptoms may include varying degrees of learning disability, seizures, increased body hair,
Last updated: 9/17/2015
- Incontinentia pigmenti achromians. MedlinePlus. May 15, 2013; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001461.htm. Accessed 9/17/2015.
- Vergine G. Ito hypomelanosis. Orphanet. May, 2008; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=435. Accessed 9/17/2015.
- DermNet NZ is an online resource about skin diseases developed by the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. DermNet NZ provides information about this condition.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Hypomelanosis of Ito. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- Shobha N, Taly AB, Sinha S, Arunodaya GR, Srikanth SG. Neurological pictures. Hypomelanosis of Ito. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2006 Jul;77(7):873.
- Bhardwaj M, Vashisht N. Hypomelanosis of Ito. Indian Pediatr. 2004 Apr;41(4):401.
- Moss C, Larkins S, Stacey M, Blight A, Farndon PA, Davison EV. Epidermal mosaicism and Blaschko's lines. J Med Genet. 1993 Sep;30(9):752-5.