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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Laryngeal cleft


Other Names for this Disease
  • Posterior laryngeal cleft (PLC)
  • Type 1A (minor laryngeal cleft)
  • Anterior submucous laryngeal cleft (subtype)
  • Congenital laryngeal clefts (subtype)
  • Cleft, larynx posterior
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Treatment

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How might laryngeal cleft be treated?

Medical and feeding therapies are often the first treatments for patients with laryngeal cleft (particularly type I and type II).[4126]  Prevention of gastroesophageal reflux is also important in all types of clefts. Type I clefts often correct themselves over time with growth.  During infancy, nursing in the upright position or thickening of formula may be necessary.  If these treatments are not enough, surgery may be recommended.[1] Different surgical approaches have been proposed for the management of laryngeal cleft. The timing and approach of surgery may differ depending upon the severity of symptoms, associated abnormalities, and type of cleft.[2]
Last updated: 9/2/2011

References
  1. Tewfik TL, Karsan N, Laberge JM. Congenital Malformations of the Esophagus. eMedicine. 2010; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/837879-overview. Accessed 8/30/2011.
  2. Rahbar R, Rouillon I, Roger G, Lin A, Nuss RC, Denoyelle F, McGill TJ, Healy GB, Garabedian EN. The Presentation and Management of Laryngeal Cleft. Archives of Ololaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2006; 132:1335-1341. http://archotol.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/132/12/1335. Accessed 8/30/2011.
  3. Rahbar R, Chen JL, Rosen RL, Lowry KC, Simon DM, Perez JA, Buonomo C, Ferrari LR, Katz ES. Endoscopic repair of laryngeal cleft type I and type II: when and why?. Laryngoscope. 2009; 119:1797-1802. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19554639. Accessed 8/31/2011.


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Other Names for this Disease
  • Posterior laryngeal cleft (PLC)
  • Type 1A (minor laryngeal cleft)
  • Anterior submucous laryngeal cleft (subtype)
  • Congenital laryngeal clefts (subtype)
  • Cleft, larynx posterior
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.