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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Mycetoma


Other Names for this Disease
  • Madura foot
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Mycetoma is a chronic infection that is caused by fungi or actinomycetes (bacteria that produce filaments, like fungi). The first symptom of the condition is generally painless swelling beneath the skin, which progresses to a nodule (lump) over several years. Eventually, affected people experience massive swelling and hardening of the affected area; skin rupture; and formation of sinus tracts (holes) that discharge pus and grains filled with organisms. Some affected people have no discomfort while others report itching and/or pain.[1][2] Mycetoma is rare in the United States, but is commonly diagnosed in Africa, Mexico and India. In these countries, it occurs most frequently in farmers, shepherds, and people living in rural areas. Frequent exposure to penetrating wounds by thorns or splinters is a risk factor.[1] Treatment varies based on the cause of the condition and may include antibiotics or antifungal medications.[2]
Last updated: 12/4/2015

References

  1. Basilio J Anía, MD. Mycetoma. Medscape Reference. April 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/211459-overview.
  2. Mycetoma. DermNet NZ. April 2014; http://www.dermnetnz.org/fungal/mycetoma.html.
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Basic Information

  • DermNet NZ is an online resource about skin diseases developed by the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. DermNet NZ provides information about this condition.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Merck Manual for health care professionals provides information on Mycetoma.
  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Mycetoma. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Madura foot
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.