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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Niemann-Pick disease type C2


Other Names for this Disease
  • NPC2
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Niemann-Pick disease type C2 is a rare metabolic condition that affects many different parts of the body. Although signs and symptoms can develop at any age (infancy through adulthood), most affected people develop features of the condition during childhood. Neimann-Pick disease type C2 may be characterized by ataxia (difficulty coordinating movements), vertical supranuclear gaze palsy (inability to move the eyes vertically), poor muscle tone, hepatosplenomegaly (enlarged liver and spleen), interstitial lung disease, intellectual decline, seizures, speech problems, and difficulty swallowing. Niemann-Pick disease type C2 is caused by changes (mutations) in the NPC2 gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner.[1][2][3] There is, unfortunately, no cure for Niemann-Pick disease type C2. Treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person.[2][3]
Last updated: 4/7/2016

References

  1. Niemann-Pick disease. Genetics Home Reference. January 2015; https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/niemann-pick-disease.
  2. Marc Patterson, MD. Niemann-Pick Disease Type C. GeneReviews. July 2013; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1296.
  3. Niemann Pick Disease Type C. NORD. 2014; http://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/niemann-pick-disease-type-c/.
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Basic Information

  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Niemann-Pick disease type C2. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Niemann-Pick disease type C2. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • NPC2
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.