Hypoparathyroidism-intellectual disability-dysmorphism syndrome
Other Names for this Disease
- Sanjad-Sakati syndrome
- HRD syndrome
- Hypoparathyroidism with short stature, intellectual disability and seizures
- Hypoparathyroidism, congenital, associated with dysmorphism, growth retardation and developmental delay
- Hypoparathyroidism-short stature-intellectual disability-seizures syndrome
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hypoparathyroidism, delayed growth (growth restriction), seizures, microcephaly (small head size), differences in development of the face, eyes, and teeth, and shortened hands and feet. It is caused by mutations in the TBCE gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Treatment is focused on management of symptoms such as the use of growth hormone to assist in growth.Hypoparathyroidism-intellectual disability-dysmorphism syndrome is a genetic disorder present from birth (congenital) characterized by multiple anomalies and intellectual disability. Symptoms may include:
Last updated: 5/20/2016
- Sanjad-Sakati syndrome. Orphanet. April 2015; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=2323.
- K K Naguib, S A Gouda, A Elshafey, F Mohammed, L Bastaki, AS Azab, SA Alawadi. Sanjad–Sakati syndrome/Kenny–Caffey syndrome type 1: A study of 21 cases in Kuwait. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2009; 15(2):345-352. http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/1502/15_2_2009_0345_0352.pdf. Accessed 5/20/2016.
- Victor A. McKusick. HYPOPARATHYROIDISM-RETARDATION-DYSMORPHISM SYNDROME; HRD. In: Marla J. F. O'Neill. OMIM. 2/24/2014; http://www.omim.org/entry/241410.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Hypoparathyroidism-intellectual disability-dysmorphism syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- K K Naguib, S A Gouda, A Elshafey, F Mohammed, L Bastaki, AS Azab, SA Alawadi. Sanjad–Sakati syndrome/Kenny–Caffey syndrome type 1: A study of 21 cases in Kuwait. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2009:15(2);345-352.