Pierre Robin sequence
- Pierre-Robin syndrome
- Glossoptosis, micrognathia, and cleft palate
Pierre Robin sequence is a condition present at birth, in which the infant has a smaller than normal lower jaw, a tongue that falls back in the throat, and difficulty breathing. Pierre Robin sequence may occur alone or be associated with a variety of other signs and symptoms, such as bifid uvula (a split in the soft flap of tissue that hangs from the back of the mouth), cleft palate, conductive hearing loss, recurring ear infections, eye anomalies (e.g., hypermetropia, myopia, astigmatism), heart defects, joint and skeletal anomalies, central nervous system defects (e.g., language and neurodevelopmental delay, epilepsy, hypotonia, and hydrocephalus) and genitourinary defects (e.g., undescended testes, hydronephrosis, and hydrocele). The exact causes of Pierre Robin syndrome are unknown, however it may occur as part of a variety of different genetic syndromes.
- Pierre Robin syndrome. MedlinePlus. November 14, 2011; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001607.htm. Accessed 7/27/2012.
- Prows CA, Hopkin RJ. Pierre Robin Sequence. NORD Guide to Rare Disorders. 2003;
- Genetics Home Reference contains information on Pierre Robin sequence. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
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- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
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- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Pierre Robin sequence. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.