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bacterial infection of the skeletal muscle (the muscles used for movement). Signs and symptoms may include pain and tenderness of the affected muscle, fever, and abscess formation. If left untreated, the abscess may extend into the bone and joint or blood poisoning may occur. Approximately 90% of cases are caused by the bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus. Risk factors for the condition include strenuous activity, muscle trauma, skin infections, infected insect bites, illicit drug injections, connective tissue disorders, and diabetes. Treatment generally includes surgical drainage of the abscess and antibiotics.Pyomyositis is rare
Last updated: 2/15/2016
- Tropical pyomyositis. DermNet NZ. February 2016; http://www.dermnetnz.org/bacterial/tropical-pyomyositis.html.
- Mohammed J Zafar, MD, FAAN, FACP. Infectious Myositis. August 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1168167-overview.
- Larry M Baddour, MD, FIDSA; Anuwat Keerasuntornpong, MD. Pyomyositis. UpToDate. July 2014;
- DermNet NZ is an online resource about skin diseases developed by the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. DermNet NZ provides information about this condition.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Pyomyositis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.