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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Temporomandibular ankylosis


Other Names for this Disease
  • Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
  • TMJ Ankylosis
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Overview

Temporomandibular ankylosis is a condition that occurs when the temporomandibular joint (the joint that connects the jaw to the side of the head) becomes fused by bony or fibrous tissue. As a result, affected people may experience pain, speech impairment, and difficulty chewing and swallowing. It can interfere with nutrition, oral hygiene and the normal growth of the face and/or jaw. Although the condition can be diagnosed in people of all ages, it generally occurs during the first and second decades of life. Temporomandibular ankylosis is most commonly caused by trauma or infection; it may also be associated with certain conditions such as ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, or psoriasis. The condition is typically treated surgically.[1][2]
Last updated: 1/13/2016

References

  1. De Roo N, Van Doorne L, Troch A, Vermeersch H, Brusselaers N, De Roo N, Van Doorne L, Troch A, Vermeersch H, Brusselaers N. Quantifying the outcome of surgical treatment of temporomandibular joint ankylosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. Jan 2016; 44(1):6-15.
  2. Movahed R, Mercuri LG. Management of temporomandibular joint ankylosis. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. February 2015; 27(1):27-35.
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Basic Information

  • The Merck Manual provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers. 

In Depth Information

  • The Merck Manual for health care professionals provides information on Temporomandibular ankylosis.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Temporomandibular ankylosis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
  • TMJ Ankylosis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.