Central post-stroke pain
Other Names for this Disease
- Central pain syndrome
- Dejerine Roussy syndrome
- Posterior thalamic syndrome
- Retrolenticular syndrome
- Thalamic hyperesthetic anesthesia
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Central post-stroke pain (CPSP) often begins shortly after the injury or damage that caused it, but may be delayed by months or even years, especially if it is related to post-stroke pain. The character of the pain associated with CPSP differs widely among individuals, partly because of the variety of potential causes. It may affect a large portion of the body or may be more restricted to specific areas, such as hands or feet. The extent of pain is usually related to the cause of the central nervous system (CNS) injury or damage. Pain is typically constant, may be moderate to severe in intensity, and is often made worse by touch, movement, emotions, and temperature changes (usually cold temperatures). Individuals experience one or more types of pain sensations, the most prominent being burning. Mingled with the burning may be sensations of "pins and needles;" pressing, lacerating, or aching pain; and brief, intolerable bursts of sharp pain similar to the pain caused by a dental probe on an exposed nerve. Individuals may have numbness in the areas affected by the pain. The burning and loss of touch sensations are usually most severe on the distant parts of the body, such as the feet or hands.
Last updated: 1/24/2011
- NINDS Central Pain Syndrome Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). January 13, 2011; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/central_pain/central_pain.htm. Accessed 1/23/2011.