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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Familial thyroglossal duct cyst


Other Names for this Disease
  • Hereditary thyroglossal duct cysts
  • Thyroglossal duct cysts
  • Thyroglossal duct cysts familial
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Treatment

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How might familial thyroglossal duct cyst be treated?

Surgical excision is the treatment of choice for uncomplicated thyroglossal duct cysts. The Sistrunk procedure is typically performed, which can reduce the risk of recurrence. This involves removing the cyst as well as a portion of the hyoid bone (small bone in the upper neck) and some tongue tissue. Researchers are looking into the efficacy of ethanol sclerotherapy, in which ethanol, a type of alcohol, is injected into the cyst. While results are promising, surgery remains the primary treatment method.[1][2]
Last updated: 5/18/2016

References
  1. Chrysostomos Kepertis,Kleanthis Anastasiadis,Vassilis Lambropoulos,Vassilis Mouravas,Ioannis Spyridakis. Diagnostic and Surgical Approach of Thyroglossal Duct Cyst in Children: Ten Years Data Review. J Clin Diagn Res. December 2015; 9(12):PC13-PC15. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4717790/.
  2. Omar Islam. Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Imaging. In: Daniel D Mott. Medscape. Oct 16, 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1346365-overview.


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Other Names for this Disease
  • Hereditary thyroglossal duct cysts
  • Thyroglossal duct cysts
  • Thyroglossal duct cysts familial
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.