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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Tracheal agenesis


Other Names for this Disease
  • Congenital tracheal agenesis
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Overview

Tracheal agenesis is a rare birth defect in which the trachea (windpipe) is completely absent (agenesis) or significantly underdeveloped (atresia).[1] Signs and symptoms include polyhydramnios during pregnancy and respiratory distress, bluish skin color (cyanosis) and no audible cry shortly after birth.[2] The underlying cause of tracheal agenesis is currently unknown. Approximately 90% of cases are associated with other anomalies, including those of the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal system and the genitourinary tract. Some cases may be part of a very rare condition known as VACTERL association. Surgery to repair the trachea may be attempted; however, the long-term outlook is generally poor in most cases.[3]
Last updated: 2/5/2016

References

  1. Tracheal agenesis. Orphanet. March, 2006; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?Lng=GB&Expert=3346.
  2. Ergun, Tewfik T & Daniel S. Tracheal agenesis: A rare but fatal congenital anomaly. Mcgill J Med. June, 2011; 13(1):10. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3277332/.
  3. Mudd PA. Congenital Malformations of the Trachea. Medscape Reference. December 22, 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/837827-overview#a2.
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In Depth Information

  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Tracheal agenesis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Congenital tracheal agenesis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.