Other Names for this Disease
- Absence of a large part of the brain and the skull
- Isolated anencephaly/exencephaly
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Ninety percent of open neural tube defects happen to couples without a prior family history of these defects. While most neural tube defects (NTDs) are caused by a complex interaction between various genes and environmental factors, rare cases of NTDs are transmitted in an autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive manner in certain families. Such families may have children or fetuses with spina bifida, anencephaly, or other subtypes of NTDs.
Last updated: 10/18/2013
- Anencephaly. Children's Hospital Boston. 2010; http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site578/mainpageS578P0.html. Accessed 11/28/2011.
- Anencephaly. Orphanet. 2006; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=1048. Accessed 11/28/2011.
- Best RG, Gregg AR, Lorenzo N. Anencephaly. eMedicine. 2010; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1181570-overview. Accessed 11/28/2011.