Aortic valve stenosis
Other Names for this Disease
- Aortic stenosis
- Valvular aortic stenosis
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 AVS can range from mild to severe. Signs and symptoms typically develop when the narrowing of the opening is severe and may include chest pain (angina) or tightness; shortness of breath or fatigue (especially during exertion); feeling faint or fainting; heart palpitations; and heart murmur. Individuals with less severe congenital AVS (present at birth) may not develop symptoms until adulthood. Individuals with severe cases may faint without warning. The condition can eventually lead to heart failure. AVS can have several causes including abnormal development before birth (such as having 1 or 2 valve leaflets instead of 3); calcium build-up on the valve in adulthood; and rheumatic fever. Treatment may include medications to ease the symptoms, but surgery to repair or replace the valve is the only way to eliminate the condition.Aortic valve stenosis (AVS) is a condition characterized by narrowing of the heart's aortic valve opening. This narrowing prevents the valve from opening fully, which obstructs blood flow from the heart into the aorta, and onward to the rest of the body.
Last updated: 7/5/2013
- Aortic valve stenosis. Mayo Clinic. July 13, 2012; http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/aortic-valve-stenosis/DS00418. Accessed 7/2/2013.
- Guy P. Armstrong. Aortic Stenosis. Merck Manuals. March 2013; http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/heart_and_blood_vessel_disorders/heart_valve_disorders/aortic_stenosis.html?qt=aortic stenosis&alt=sh. Accessed 7/2/2013.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Aortic valve stenosis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.