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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Asperger syndrome

*

* Not a rare disease

Other Names for this Disease
  • Asperger disorder
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Overview

Asperger syndrome (AS) is an autism spectrum disorder, a type of neurological condition characterized by impaired language and communication skills, and repetitive or restrictive thought and behavior patterns. Unlike many people with autism, those with AS retain their early language skills. Features of AS include an obsessive interest in a particular object or topic; high vocabulary; formal speech patterns; repetitive routines or habits; inappropriate social and emotional behavior; impaired non-verbal communication; and uncoordinated motor skills. AS is likely caused by a combination of genetic and environmental influences. While autism spectrum disorders including AS sometimes run in families, no specific inheritance pattern has been recognized.[1][2]
Last updated: 6/8/2015

References

  1. Asperger Syndrome. NINDS. November 6, 2014; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/asperger/asperger.htm.
  2. Asperger syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. July, 2011; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/asperger-syndrome.
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Basic Information

  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Asperger syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manual provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers. 
  • The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Asperger syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Asperger disorder
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.