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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Anaplastic astrocytoma


Other Names for this Disease
  • Astrocytic tumor
  • Astrocytoma
  • Gliosarcoma
  • Grade III astrocytoma
  • High-grade astrocytoma
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Overview

Anaplastic astrocytoma is a rare, cancerous (malignant) type of brain tumor that arises from star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes. These cells surround and protect nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. An anaplastic astrocytoma usually develops slowly over time, but may develop rapidly. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the location and size of the tumor and may include headaches, drowsiness, vomiting, and changes in personality or mental status. Some affected people have seizures, vision problems, weakness of the limbs, and/or coordination problems. Anaplastic astroctyomas usually occur sporadically but can be associated with a few rare, genetic disorders. Treatment may include surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy.[1]
Last updated: 11/3/2014

References

  1. Anaplastic astrocytoma. NORD. January 28, 2014; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/277/viewAbstract. Accessed 11/3/2014.
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Basic Information

  • The National Cancer Institute provides the most current information on cancer for patients, health professionals, and the general public.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for¬†information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.¬† Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Anaplastic astrocytoma. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Astrocytic tumor
  • Astrocytoma
  • Gliosarcoma
  • Grade III astrocytoma
  • High-grade astrocytoma
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.