Other Names for this Disease
- Potassium wasting
- Bartter's syndrome
- Hypokalemic alkalosis with hypercalciuria
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potassium, sodium, chloride, and other molecules in the body. In some cases, the condition manifests before birth with increased amniotic fluid surrounding the affected fetus (polyhydramnios). Affected infants typically do not grow and gain wait as expected. Dehydration, constipation and increased urine production result from losing too much salt (sodium chloride) in the urine, and weakening of the bones can occur due to excess loss of calcium. Low levels of potassium in the blood (hypokalemia) can cause muscle weakness, cramping, and fatigue. It is caused by mutations in any one of at least 5 genes and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. The different types of Bartter syndrome are classified according to the specific gene that causes the condition. Treatment depends on the type of the syndrome present but chiefly focuses on preventing the loss of too much potassium from the body.Bartter syndrome is a group of similar kidney disorders that cause an imbalance of
Last updated: 11/7/2011
- Bartter syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. February 2011; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/bartter-syndrome. Accessed 11/5/2011.
- G. Colussi. Bartter syndrome. Orphanet. July 2007; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=EN&Expert=112. Accessed 11/5/2011.
- Bartter's syndrome. NORD. September 23, 2007; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/589/viewAbstract. Accessed 11/5/2011.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Bartter syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Antenatal Bartter syndrome type I
Antenatal Bartter syndrome type II
Bartter syndrome type III
Bartter syndrome type IV A
Bartter syndrome type IV B
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Bartter syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.