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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Becker muscular dystrophy


Other Names for this Disease
  • Benign pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy
  • Becker's muscular dystrophy
  • Muscular dystrophy, Becker type
  • Muscular dystrophy pseudohypertrophic progressive, Becker type
  • Becker dystrophinopathy
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Treatment

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How might Becker muscular dystrophy be treated?

There is currently no cure for Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), and management aims to help with symptoms and improve the quality of life. Affected people are encouraged to remain active, because inactivity (such as bed rest) can make the muscle disease worse.[1]

Physical therapy can help with stretching tight muscles and using assistive devices; occupational therapy can help with daily living skills; and speech therapy may help those with dysphagia (difficulty swallowing). Surgery may be needed for progressive scoliosis and development of contractures.[2]

People with BMD should be monitored for orthopedic complications. Cardiac (heart) evaluations are recommended beginning at around 10 years old, or when symptoms first begin. Evaluations should be repeated at least every two years.[3]

Some studies have shown that certain corticosteroids (such as prednisone or prednisolone) can slow the decline of muscle strength in people with Duchenne muscular dystophy; however, information about their use in people with BMD is limited.[3] There are a number of additional therapies for BMD being studied.[3] Potential future treatments for BMD may involve gene therapy, myoblast treatment, and/or the use of stem cells.[2]
Last updated: 3/5/2014

References
  1. Kaneshiro NK, Hoch DB. Becker's muscular dystrophy. MedlinePlus. 2008; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000706.htm. Accessed 11/18/2009.
  2. Benjamin R Mandac. Becker Muscular Dystrophy. Medscape Reference. September 3, 2013; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/313417-overview. Accessed 3/5/2014.
  3. Basil T Darras, David T Miller, and David K Urion. Dystrophinopathies. GeneReviews. November 23, 2011; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1119/. Accessed 3/5/2014.


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Management Guidelines

Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Becker muscular dystrophy. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Benign pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy
  • Becker's muscular dystrophy
  • Muscular dystrophy, Becker type
  • Muscular dystrophy pseudohypertrophic progressive, Becker type
  • Becker dystrophinopathy
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.