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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Becker muscular dystrophy


Other Names for this Disease
  • Benign pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy
  • Becker's muscular dystrophy
  • Muscular dystrophy, Becker type
  • Muscular dystrophy pseudohypertrophic progressive, Becker type
  • Becker dystrophinopathy
Related Diseases
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Overview

Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is an inherited condition that causes progressive weakness and wasting of the skeletal and cardiac (heart) muscles. It primarily affects males.[1][2] The age of onset and rate of progression can vary. Muscle weakness usually becomes apparent between the ages of 5 and 15. In some cases, heart involvement (cardiomyopathy) is the first sign.[2] BMD is caused by a mutation in the DMD gene and is inherited in an X-linked recessive manner. BMD is very similar to Duchenne muscular dystrophy, except that in BMD, symptoms begin later and progress at a slower rate.[1] There is no cure for this condition, and treatment aims to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life.[3] People with BMD may survive into their 40s or beyond.[1]
Last updated: 11/4/2015

References

  1. Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Genetics Home Reference. February, 2012; http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/duchenne-and-becker-muscular-dystrophy. Accessed 3/5/2014.
  2. C Boulay, Brigitte Chabrol. Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Orphanet. August, 2007; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?Lng=EN&Expert=262. Accessed 3/5/2014.
  3. Kaneshiro NK, Hoch DB. Becker's muscular dystrophy. MedlinePlus. 2008; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000706.htm. Accessed 11/18/2009.
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Basic Information

  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Becker muscular dystrophy. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers. 
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Becker muscular dystrophy. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Benign pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy
  • Becker's muscular dystrophy
  • Muscular dystrophy, Becker type
  • Muscular dystrophy pseudohypertrophic progressive, Becker type
  • Becker dystrophinopathy
Related Diseases
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.