Your browser does not support javascript:   Search for gard hereSearch for news-and-events here.

Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Bell's palsy


Other Names for this Disease
  • Antoni's palsy
  • Bell palsy
  • Facial cranial nerve paralysis
  • Facial nerve palsy
  • Facial palsy
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Bell's palsy is a nonprogressive neurological disorder of one of the facial nerves. This disorder is characterized by the sudden onset of facial paralysis that may be preceded by a slight fever, pain behind the ear on the affected side, a stiff neck, and weakness and/or stiffness on one side of the face. Paralysis results from decreased blood supply (ischemia) and/or compression of the 7th cranial nerve. The exact cause of Bell's palsy is not known. Viral (e.g., herpes zoster virus) and immune disorders are frequently implicated as a cause for this disorder. There may also be an inherited tendency toward developing Bell's palsy.[1] While there is no cure or standard course of treatment for Bell's palsy, eliminating the source of the nerve damage typically results in a good prognosis.[2]
Last updated: 1/12/2010

References

  1. Bell's Palsy . National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2005; http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdbdetail_abstract.html?disname=Bell%27s%20Palsy.
  2. NINDS Bell's Palsy Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). 2009; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/bells/bells.htm. Accessed 1/12/2010.
GARD Video Tutorials
GARD Video Tutorials
Learn how to find information on treatment, research, specialists, and more.
Your Questions Answered
Your Questions Answered
View questions about this condition answered by GARD Information Specialists. You can also submit a new question.

Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Bell's palsy. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Antoni's palsy
  • Bell palsy
  • Facial cranial nerve paralysis
  • Facial nerve palsy
  • Facial palsy
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.