Burning mouth syndrome
- Burning mouth disorder
Your QuestionI am looking for any information on treatments and causes for burning mouth syndrome.
We have identified the following information that we hope you find helpful. If you still have questions, please contact us.
Questions on this page
- Dry mouth, which can be caused by various medications or underlying health problems
- Other oral conditions, such as fungal infections, oral lichen planus, or geographic tongue
- Nutritional deficiencies, such as lack of iron, zinc, folic acid, thiamin, riboflavin, pyridoxine, and cobalamin
- Dentures, especially if they don't fit well and irritate the mouth
- Allergies or reactions to foods, additives, dyes or dental work
- Certain medications, in particular those for high blood pressure
- Oral habits such as tooth grinding, tongue thrusting, or biting of the tongue
- Endocrine disorders, such as diabetes or hypothyroidism
- Excessive mouth irritation which may result from over-brushing, use of abrasive toothpastes, over use of mouthwashes, or drinking too many acidic drinks
- Psychological factors, such as anxiety, depression, or stress
If the underlying cause of burning mouth syndrome is determined, treatment is aimed at the triggering factor(s). If no cause can be found, treatment can be challenging. The following are potential therapies for burning mouth syndrome; we strongly recommend that you work with your health care provider in determining which therapy is right for you.
- A lozenge-type form of the anticonvulsant medication clonazepam (Klonopin)
- Oral thrush medications
- Medications that block nerve pan
- Certain antidepressants
- B vitamins
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Special oral rinses or mouth washes
- Saliva replacement products
In addition to these medications, the following measures may be helpful in reducing symptoms of burning mouth syndrome:
- Sip water frequently
- Suck on ice chips
- Chew sugarless gum
- Avoid irritating substances like tobacco, hot or spicy foods, alcoholic beverages, mouthwashes that contain alcohol, and products high in acid, like citrus fruits and juices, as well as cinnamon or mint.
Yes. The U.S. National Institutes of Health, through the National Library of Medicine, developed ClinicalTrials.gov to provide patients, family members, and members of the public with current information on clinical research studies. Currently, clinical trials are identified as enrolling individuals with burning mouth syndrome. To find these trials, click on the link above and use "burning mouth syndrome" as your search term. After you click on a study, review its "eligibility" criteria to determine its appropriateness. Use the study’s contact information to learn more. Check this site often for regular updates.
You can also contact the Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison (PRPL) Office at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). We recommend calling the toll-free number listed below to speak with a specialist, who can help you determine if you are eligible for any clinical trials. If you are located outside the United States, and would like to be contacted via telephone, you will need to provide your telephone number in full, including area code and international dialing prefix.
Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office
NIH Clinical Center
Bethesda, Maryland 20892-2655
Web site: http://clinicalcenter.nih.gov/
You can find information about participating in a clinical trial, as well as learn about resources for travel and lodging assistance, through the Get Involved in Research section of our Web site.
- Burning Mouth Syndrome. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. July 2014; http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/oralhealth/Topics/Burning/Documents/BurningMouthSyndrome_082714_508C.pdf.
- Burning Mouth syndrome. MayoClinic.com. February 2, 2016; http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/burning-mouth-syndrome/home/ovc-20179959.