Other Names for this Disease
- Chandler syndrome
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.
Your QuestionWhat are the suggested treatments for Chandler's syndrome? Is it possible to treat this condition with existing laser technology? If the condition is not treated, can it spread to the other eye?
We have identified the following information that we hope you find helpful. If you still have questions, please contact us.
Questions on this page
Chandler's syndrome is a rare eye disorder in which the single layer of cells lining the interior of the cornea proliferates, causing changes within the iris, corneal swelling, and unusually high pressure in the eye (glaucoma). This condition is one of three syndromes, along with progressive iris atrophy and Cogan-Reese syndrome, that make up the iridocorneal endothelial (ICE) syndrome. In most cases, only one eye is affected. Symptoms may include reduced vision and pain. Chandler's syndrome more often affects females and usually presents sometime during middle age. The cause of this disease is unknown.
Last updated: 8/11/2014
While it is not possible to halt the progression of Chandler's syndrome, the glaucoma associated with this disease can be treated with medications and/or filtering surgery. Eye drops used in managing glaucoma decrease pressure in the eye by helping the eye's fluid drain more efficiently and/or decreasing the amount of fluid made by the eye. Drugs used to treat glaucoma are classified according to their active ingredient. These include prostaglandin analogs, beta blockers, alpha agonists, and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Combination drugs may be necessary for some patients. If these medications do not successfully treat the glaucoma, surgery may be indicated. Trabeculectomy may be used to treat glaucoma. In some cases, multiple procedures may be necessary. The corneal swelling associated with Chandler's syndrome may be treated through a cornea transplant. Further investigation is needed to determine the best way to manage this condition.
Last updated: 12/31/2014
No. Existing laser therapy has not proven to be an effective treatment for Chandler's syndrome.
Last updated: 4/13/2010
Most often, Chandler's syndrome affects only one eye. The other eye may have subclinical involvement (below the level required for diagnosis). In rare cases, both eyes may be clinically involved.
Last updated: 2/8/2012
- Shields B, Sears ML. Chandler's Syndrome. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). 2013; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/949/viewAbstract. Accessed 12/31/2014.
- Facts About The Cornea and Corneal Disease. National Eye Institute (NEI). May 2013; https://www.nei.nih.gov/health/cornealdisease/. Accessed 12/31/2014.
- What is Irido Corneal Endothelial Syndrome (ICE)?. Glaucoma Research Foundation. August 23, 2012; http://www.glaucoma.org/q-a/what-is-irido-corneal-endothelial-syndrome-ice.php. Accessed 12/31/2014.
- Denis P. Iridocorneal endothelial syndrome and glaucoma.. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2007; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17318107. Accessed 12/31/2014.
- Medication Guide. Glaucoma Research Foundation. October 10, 2014; http://www.glaucoma.org/treatment/medication-guide.php. Accessed 12/31/2014.
- Doe EA, Budenz DL, Gedde SJ, et al.. Long-term surgical outcomes of patients with glaucoma secondary to the iridocorneal endothelial syndrome.. Ophthalmology. 2001; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11581050. Accessed 12/31/2014.
- Morris RW, Dunbar MT. Atypical presentation and review of the ICE syndrome.. Optometry. 2004; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14717277. Accessed 12/31/2014.