Other Names for this Disease
- Macrocystic lymphatic malformation
- Cystic lymphangioma
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lymphatic system. A cystic hygroma may be discovered in a fetus during a pregnancy ultrasound (fetal cystic hygroma), present as a birth defect (congenital) in a newborn as a large, soft mass covered by normal skin, or it may not become evident until later in life. They are most commonly located in the neck, head, axilla, or chest but can be anywhere in the body. The causes include environmental factors, genetic factors, or unknown factors. About 50% of the fetal cystic hygromas are due to a chromosomal abnormality such as Turner syndrome, Down syndrome or Noonan syndrome. They can be isolated or be associated with other birth defect, as part of a syndrome. Isolated cystic hygroma may be inherited as an autosomal recessive disorder.. In adults they may result from delayed proliferation of the congenital or acquired lymphoid rests following trauma or earlier respiratory infections. The preferred treatment is the surgical removal of the tumor. Other treatment may include serial thoracocentesis plus paracentesis, laser surgery and radiation therapy.Cystic hygroma (meaning “moist tumor”) or macrocystic lymphatic malformation, is a fluid-filled sac that result from a blockage in the
Last updated: 2/26/2016
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- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
Cystic Hygroma Imaging
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Cystic hygroma. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.