Other Names for this Disease
- Devic syndrome
- Devic's neuromyelitis optica
- Devic disease
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autoimmune condition that affects the spinal cord and optic nerves (the nerves that carry information regarding sight from the eye). In Devic disease, the body's immune system attacks and destroys myelin, a fatty substance that surrounds nerves and helps nerve signals move from cell to cell. Signs and symptoms worsen with time and include optic neuritis; transverse myelitis; pain in spine and limbs; and bladder and bowel dysfunction. The exact cause of Devic disease is unknown. Most affected people do not have other family members with the condition. Currently there is no cure for Devic disease, but there are therapies to treat an attack while it is happening, to reduce symptoms, and to prevent relapses.Neuromyelitis optica, is an
Last updated: 12/5/2014
- NINDS Neuromyelitis Optica Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). 2007; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/neuromyelitis_optica/neuromyelitis_optica.htm. Accessed 11/18/2009.
- Neuromyelitis Optica. NORD. March 2012; http://rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/479/viewFullReport.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Neuromyelitis Optica. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The Mayo Clinic Web site provides further information on Neuromyelitis Optica.
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The Merck Manual for health care professionals provides information on Neuromyelitis Optica.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Neuromyelitis Optica. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
- Trebst C. et al. Update on the diagnosis and treatment of neuromyelitis optica: Recommendations of the Neuromyelitis Optica Study Group (NEMOS). Journal of Neurology. 2014; 261(1): 1–16.