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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Neuromyelitis Optica


Other Names for this Disease
  • Devic syndrome
  • NMO
  • Devic's neuromyelitis optica
  • Devic disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Treatment

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How might neuromyelitis optica be treated?

There is no cure for neuromyelitis optica, but there are therapies to treat an attack while it is happening, to reduce symptoms, and to prevent relapses. Doctors usually treat an initial attack of neuromyelitis optica with a combination of corticosteroid drugs to stop the attack and immunosuppressive drugs to prevent additional attacks. If frequent relapses occur, some people may need to continue a low dose of steroids for longer periods. Plasma exchange (plasmapheresis) is a technique that separates antibodies out of the blood stream and is used with people who do not respond to corticosteroid therapy. Pain, stiffness, muscle spasms, and bladder and bowel control problems can be managed with the appropriate medications and therapies. People with neuromyelitis optica may require the combined efforts of occupational therapists, physical therapists, and social services professionals to address their complex rehabilitation needs.[1]

The Transverse Myelitis Association provides additional information on the treatment options available for neuromyelitis optica. http://myelitis.org/symptoms-conditions/neuromyelitis-optica/acute-treatments-nmo/
Last updated: 12/5/2014

References
  1. NINDS Neuromyelitis Optica Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. June 2014; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/neuromyelitis_optica/neuromyelitis_optica.htm.


GARD Video Tutorial

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    Finding Treatment Information

Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Neuromyelitis Optica. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Devic syndrome
  • NMO
  • Devic's neuromyelitis optica
  • Devic disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.