Primary Familial Brain Calcification
Other Names for this Disease
- Bilateral striopallidodentate calcinosis
- Cerebral calcification nonarteriosclerotic idiopathic adult-onset
- Fahr disease, familial (formerly)
- Familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (formerly)
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There is no standard course of treatment for PFBC. Treatment typically addresses symptoms on an individual basis. Medications may be used to improve anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive behaviors, and dystonia. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) can be prescribed for seizures. Oxybutynin may be prescribed for urinary incontinence (loss of bladder control). Surveillance typically includes yearly neurologic and neuropsychiatric assessments.
Last updated: 9/4/2015
- Sobrido MJ, Coppola G, Oliveira J, Hopfer S, Geschwind DH. Primary Familial Brain Calcification. GeneReviews. October 16, 2014; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1421/. Accessed 9/4/2015.
- Finding Treatment Information - A video developed by GARD Information Specialists that explains how you can find information about treatment for a rare disease.
- GeneReviews provides current, expert-authored, peer-reviewed, full-text articles describing the application of genetic testing to the diagnosis, management, and genetic counseling of patients with specific inherited conditions. Click on the link to view the article on this topic.
- The Centers for Mendelian Genomics program is working to discover the causes of rare genetic disorders. For more information about applying to the research study, please visit their website.