Primary Familial Brain Calcification
Other Names for this Disease
- Bilateral striopallidodentate calcinosis
- Cerebral calcification nonarteriosclerotic idiopathic adult-onset
- Cerebrovascular ferrocalcinosis
- Fahr disease, familial (formerly)
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Your QuestionHow can I obtain information about treatment options for familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (FIBGC)? Is there any research being done to find a treatment or cure for this condition?
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Familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (FIBGC) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by calcium deposits in the basal ganglia, a part of the brain that helps start and control movement. The first symptoms often include clumsiness, fatigue, unsteady walking (gait), slow or slurred speech, difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) and dementia. Seizures of various types frequently occur. Symptoms typically start in an individual's 20's to 40's but may begin at any age.The neuropsychiatric symptoms and movement disorders worsen over time. Mutations in the SLC20A2 and PDGFRB genes have been found to cause FIBGC, and this condition is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.
Last updated: 10/18/2013
There is no standard course of treatment for FIBGC. Treatment typically addresses symptoms on an individual basis. Medications may be used to improve anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive behaviors, and dystonia. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) can be prescribed for seizures. Oxybutynin may be prescribed for urinary incontinence (loss of bladder control). Surveillance typically includes yearly neurologic and neuropsychiatric assessments.
Last updated: 8/2/2013
The National Institutes of Health, through the National Library of Medicine, developed ClinicalTrials.gov to provide patients, family members, and members of the public with current information on clinical research studies. While no studies specific to treatment for FIBGC are listed at this time, there is a study enrolling patients with various inherited neurological disorders. To find more information about this trial, click here.
Last updated: 11/18/2010
- Sobrido MJ, Coppola G, Oliveira J, Hopfer S, Geschwind DH. Familial Idiopathic Basal Ganglia Calcification. GeneReviews. June 27, 2013; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1421/. Accessed 10/18/2013.
- Familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). February 2013; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-idiopathic-basal-ganglia-calcification. Accessed 10/18/2013.