Primary Familial Brain Calcification
Other Names for this Disease
- FIBGC (formerly)
- Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification 1
- Fahr's Syndrome (formerly)
- Bilateral striopallidodentate calcinosis
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neurodegenerative disorder characterized by calcium deposits in the basal ganglia, a part of the brain that helps start and control movement. The first symptoms often include clumsiness, fatigue, unsteady walking (gait), slow or slurred speech, difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) and dementia. Migraines and seizures frequently occur. Symptoms typically start in an individual's 30's to 40's but may begin at any age.The neuropsychiatric symptoms and movement disorders worsen over time. Mutations in the SLC20A2, PDGFRB, and PDGFB genes have been found to cause PFBC. This condition is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is a
Last updated: 9/4/2015
- Sobrido MJ, Coppola G, Oliveira J, Hopfer S, Geschwind DH. Primary Familial Brain Calcification. GeneReviews. October 16, 2014; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1421/.
- Familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification. Genetics Home Reference (GHR). February 2013; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-idiopathic-basal-ganglia-calcification.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Primary Familial Brain Calcification. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Primary Familial Brain Calcification. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.