Familial adenomatous polyposis
Other Names for this Disease
- Adenomatous polyposis coli
- Adenomatous polyposis of the colon
- Familial adenomatous polyposis of the colon
- Familial intestinal polyposis
- Familial multiple polyposis
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 Other signs and symptoms may include dental abnormalities; desmoid tumors; and benign and malignant tumors of the duodenum (a section of the small intestine), stomach, bones, skin, and other tissues. Some people have a milder form of the condition called attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis (AFAP) which is generally characterized by fewer colon polyps (an average of 30) and a delay in the development of colon cancer by 10-15 years. FAP is caused by changes (mutations) in the APC gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. People with FAP usually undergo regular screening until they develop 20 to 30 polyps and then a colectomy (removal of colon) is generally recommended.Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an inherited condition that causes cancer of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. People with the classic type of FAP usually develop hundreds to thousands of noncancerous (benign) polyps (growths) in the colon as early as their teenage years. Overtime, these polyps can become malignant (cancerous), leading to early-onset colorectal cancer at an average age of 39 years.
Last updated: 11/26/2014
- Familial Adenomatous Polyposis. Genetic Home Reference. October 2013; http://www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-adenomatous-polyposis.
- Kory W Jasperson, MS and Randall W Burt, MD. APC-Associated Polyposis Conditions. GeneReviews. March 27, 2014; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1345/. Accessed 4/6/2015.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Familial adenomatous polyposis. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The Merck Manual provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers.
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- The Merck Manual for health care professionals provides information on Familial adenomatous polyposis.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
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