Other Names for this Disease
- Fish odor syndrome
- Fish malodor syndrome
- Stale fish syndrome
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metabolic disorder that occurs when the body is unable to break down certain nitrogen-containing compounds such as trimethylamine. Trimethylamine, which has a fishy odor, is produced in the intestines when certain types of food (i.e. eggs, liver, legumes, fish and some vegetables) are digested. As trimethylamine begins to accumulate in the body, it is released in the sweat, urine, reproductive fluids, and breath. This leads to the characteristic odor of trimethylaminuria. This condition is caused by changes (mutations) in the FMO3 gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Although there is no cure, trimethylaminuria can often be managed by reducing the amount of trimethylamine in the body. For example, affected people can modify their diet to avoid foods with high levels of trimethylamine.Trimethylaminuria is a
Last updated: 3/27/2014
- Trimethylaminuria. Genetics Home Reference. January 2013; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=trimethylaminuria.
- Phillips I, Shephard E. Trimethylaminuria. GeneReviews. April 19, 2011; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1103/.
- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Trimethylaminuria. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Human Genome Research Institute's (NHGRI) website has an information page on this topic. NHGRI is part of the National Institutes of Health and supports research on the structure and function of the human genome and its role in health and disease.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) has a report for patients and families about this condition. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
- The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Trimethylaminuria. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.