See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.
On this page
Accurate and prompt diagnosis, treatment with intravenous (IV) antibiotics, and surgery to remove dead tissue are vital in treating necrotizing fasciitis. As the blood supply to the infected tissue becomes impaired, antibiotics often cannot penetrate the infected tissue. Therefore, surgery to remove the dead, damaged, or infected tissue is the primary treatment for necrotizing fasciitis. Early surgery may minimize tissue loss, eliminating the need for amputation of the infected body part. The choice of antibiotics will likely depend on the particular bacteria involved. In addition, supplemental oxygen, fluids, and medicines may be needed to raise the blood pressure. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy and IV immunoglobulin may also be considered, but their use in patients with necrotizing fasciitis is controversial.
Last updated: 4/13/2016
- Sarani, Babak. Necrotizing Fasciitis. National Organization of Rare Disorders (NORD). 2015; http://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/necrotizing-fasciitis/. Accessed 4/12/2016.
- Necrotizing Fasciitis: A Rare Disease, Especially for the Healthy. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). April 17, 2015; http://www.cdc.gov/features/necrotizingfasciitis/. Accessed 4/12/2016.
- Edlich, Richard. Necrotizing Fasciitis. Medscape Reference. July 9, 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2051157-overview. Accessed 4/13/2016.
- Necrotizing fasciitis. DermNet New Zealand Trust. March 4, 2016; http://www.dermnetnz.org/bacterial/necrotising-fasciitis.html. Accessed 4/12/2016.
- ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Necrotizing fasciitis. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.