* Not a rare disease
Other Names for this Disease
- Cholemia, familial
- Gilbert's disease
- Hyperbilirubinemia Arias type
- Hyperbilirubinemia type 1
Your QuestionWhat are the symptoms of Gilbert syndrome?
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Gilbert syndrome is a common, mild liver disorder in which the liver doesn't properly process bilirubin, a substance produced by the breakdown of red blood cells. Gilbert syndrome typically doesn't require treatment or pose serious complications. In fact, Gilbert syndrome is usually not considered a disease because of its benign nature. Many individuals find out they have the disorder by accident, when they have a blood test that shows elevated bilirubin levels. More males than females have been diagnosed with Gilbert syndrome. This condition is caused by mutations in the UGT1A1 gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.
Last updated: 5/2/2011
While many people with Gilbert syndrome never experience any symptoms, mild jaundice may occur if bilirubin levels get high enough. Other possible symptoms may include fatigue, weakness and abdominal pain. Patients may have more side effects from certain drugs such as irinotecan.
Last updated: 5/4/2015
- Gilbert Syndrome. MayoClinic.com. June 22, 2012; http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/gilberts-syndrome/DS00743/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print. Accessed 5/4/2015.
- Gilbert Syndrome. Online Mendelian Inheritance of Man (OMIM). January 12, 2012; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/omim/143500. Accessed 5/4/2015.
- Dugdale DC, Longstreth GF. Gilbert's disease. MedlinePlus. 2009; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000301.htm.
- Roy-Chowdhury J, Roy-Chowdhury N & Wang X. Gilbert syndrome and unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia due to bilirubin overproduction. UpToDate. March 23, 2015; http://www.uptodate.com/contents/gilbert-syndrome-and-unconjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-due-to-bilirubin-overproduction. Accessed 5/4/2015.