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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Hydranencephaly


Other Names for this Disease
  • Hydroanencephaly
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Your Question

My 8 month old son has both microcephaly and hydranencephaly. Is there any treatment for hydranencephaly at this stage?

Our Answer

We have identified the following information that we hope you find helpful. If you still have questions, please contact us.

How might hydranencephaly be treated?

Unfortunately, there is no definitive treatment for hydranencephaly. Management of the condition typically focuses on the specific signs and symptoms present in the affected individual and is mostly supportive. Hydrocephalus (the buildup of too much cerebral spinal fluid in the brain) may be treated with a shunt (a surgically implanted tube that helps to drain fluid from the brain).[1][2]
Last updated: 4/11/2012

What is microhydranencephaly?

Microhydranencephaly is a developmental abnormality that affects the brain. Signs and symptoms may include extreme microcephaly, scalp rugae (a series of ridges), profound developmental delay and severe intellectual disability. Imaging studies of the brain generally reveal incomplete brain formation and severe hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid in the brain). In most cases, the underlying cause is unknown. Rarely, the condition is caused by changes (mutations) in the NDE1 gene and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person.[3][4][5]
Last updated: 10/1/2015

References
Other Names for this Disease
  • Hydroanencephaly
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.