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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Hypoparathyroidism


Other Names for this Disease
  • Parathyroid, underactivity of
  • Hypoparathyroidism, idiopathic (subtype)
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Overview

Hypoparathyroidism is is an endocrine disorder in which the parathyroid glands in the neck do not produce enough parathyroid hormone (PTH). Common signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, brittle nails, cataracts, dry hair and skin, muscle cramps, tetany, pain in the face, legs, and feet, seizures, tingling sensation, and weakened tooth enamel (in children). It may be caused by injury to the parathyroid glands (e.g., during surgery). Other causes, include low blood magnesium levels, a side effect of radioactive iodine treatment for hyperthyroidism, metabolic alkalosis, DiGeorge syndrome, and type I polyglandular autoimmune syndrome. The goal of treatment is to restore the calcium and mineral balance in the body.[1]
Last updated: 3/10/2011

References

  1. Hypoparathyroidism. MedlinePlus. 2010; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000385.htm. Accessed 3/10/2011.
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Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
    Hypoparathyroidism
    Hypoparathyroidism in Emergency Medicine
    Pediatric Hypoparathyroidism
  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Hypoparathyroidism. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Parathyroid, underactivity of
  • Hypoparathyroidism, idiopathic (subtype)
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.