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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Jejunal atresia


Other Names for this Disease
  • Apple peel small bowel syndrome
  • Apple peel syndrome
  • Apple-peel intestinal atresia
  • APSB
  • Atresia of small intestine
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Jejunal atresia is a birth defect that occurs when the membrane that attaches the small intestines to the abdominal wall (called the mesentery) is partially or completely absent. As a result, a portion of the small intestines (the jejunum) twists around an artery that supplies blood to the colon (the marginal artery). This leads to an intestinal blockage or "atresia." Common symptoms include feeding difficulties, failure to thrive, vomiting bile (a bitter-tasting yellowish-green fluid), abdominal swelling, and/or absence of bowel movements after birth. It typically occurs sporadically in people with no family history of the condition; however, more than one family member can rarely be affected, suggesting that there may be a genetic component in some cases. Jejunal atresia is typically treated with surgery.[1][2]
Last updated: 6/14/2015

References

  1. David E Wesson, MD. Intestinal atresia. UpToDate. June 2014; Accessed 6/12/2015.
  2. Biren P Modi, MD. Intestinal Atresia, Stenosis, and Webs. Medlineplus. December 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/940615-overview#aw2aab6b2.
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Basic Information

  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Jejunal atresia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Apple peel small bowel syndrome
  • Apple peel syndrome
  • Apple-peel intestinal atresia
  • APSB
  • Atresia of small intestine
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.