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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Juvenile dermatomyositis


Other Names for this Disease
  • DM
  • JDM
  • JPM
  • Juvenile DM
  • Juvenile myositis
Related Diseases
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Overview

Juvenile dermatomyositis has some similarities to adult dermatomyositis and polymyositis. It typically affects children ages 2 to 15 years, with symptoms that include weakness of the muscles close to the trunk of the body, inflammation, edema, muscle pain, fatigue, skin rashes, abdominal pain, fever, and contractures. Children with juvenile dermatomyositis may have difficulty swallowing and breathing, and the heart may also be affected.  About 20 to 30 percent of children with juvenile dermatomyositis develop calcium deposits in the soft tissue. Affected children may not show higher than normal levels of the muscle enzyme creatine kinase in their blood but have higher than normal levels of other muscle enzymes.[1]
Last updated: 5/31/2011

References

  1. Inflammatory Myopathies Fact Sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). February 2011; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/inflammatory_myopathies/detail_inflammatory_myopathies.htm. Accessed 5/31/2011.
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Basic Information

  • MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine Web site designed to help you research your health questions, provides general information on myositis. Click on the link to view this information.
  • The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) collects and disseminates research information related to neurological disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The Myositis Association provides basic information on juvenile myositis.

In Depth Information

  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Juvenile dermatomyositis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • DM
  • JDM
  • JPM
  • Juvenile DM
  • Juvenile myositis
Related Diseases
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.