- Niikawa-Kuroki syndrome
- Kabuki make up syndrome
- Kabuki make-up syndrome
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Most people with Kabuki syndrome have mild to moderate intellectual disability, although this varies considerably. Early speech and language delay is common and some language-related difficulties usually persist.Other medical problems may also be present. Congenital heart defects are common. Skeletal abnormalities may include a short and curved pinky finger (clinodactyly); spine abnormalities; and joint dislocations. Affected people often have weak muscle tone (hypotonia); feeding difficulties; seizures; and a small head size (microcephaly). Vision and hearing problems may also be present. Some affected children are more susceptible to infections, particularly ear infections.
The Human Phenotype Ontology provides the following list of signs and symptoms for Kabuki syndrome. If the information is available, the table below includes how often the symptom is seen in people with this condition. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary to look up the definitions for these medical terms.
The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) has collected information on how often a sign or symptom occurs in a condition. Much of this information comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. The frequency of a sign or symptom is usually listed as a rough estimate of the percentage of patients who have that feature.
The frequency may also be listed as a fraction. The first number of the fraction is how many people had the symptom, and the second number is the total number of people who were examined in one study. For example, a frequency of 25/25 means that in a study of 25 people all patients were found to have that symptom. Because these frequencies are based on a specific study, the fractions may be different if another group of patients are examined.
Sometimes, no information on frequency is available. In these cases, the sign or symptom may be rare or common.
- Marla J. F. O'Neill. Kabuki Syndrome. OMIM. 2016; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/omim/147920.
- Margaret Adam. Kabuki syndrome. Orphanet. April, 2012; http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/OC_Exp.php?lng=en&Expert=2322.
- Adam MP, Hudgins L.. Kabuki syndrome: a review. Clinical Genetics. 2005; 67(3):209-219.